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Home » Your Eye Health » Eye Diseases » Cataracts » Causes of Cataracts

Causes of Cataracts

Cataracts are part of the natural aging process of the eye and therefore, if you live to an old age, you will likely eventually develop one. While most cases of cataracts develop as part of this process, there are instances of congenital cataracts which are present at birth. Further, secondary or traumatic cataracts can occur at any age as a result of an eye injury, surgery or disease.While the risk of developing a cataract does increase as you age, it is not the only risk factor. Research shows that there are environmental, health and behavioral risk factors that can also play a role in cataract development. Many of these risk factors are avoidable and preventable. These risk factors include:

  • Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
  • Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or other sources
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Certain medications such as steroids or statin medications
  • History of eye injury or eye surgery
  • Family history

Since they are largely a part of the the natural aging process of the eye, cataracts can’t necessarily be avoided, however knowing if you have additional risk factors can help you to take preventative steps to delay the onset of the condition.

Please note that we will be closed on July 4th, 2020 for the holiday. Stay safe and have a wonderful holiday weekend!

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(6/8/2020) We are excited to be returning to our normal summer schedule this week, and are scheduling routine appointments. We have changed some of our procedures to promote social distancing and streamline the flow through the office. This is a work in progress and we appreciate everyone’s patience. Please use the links on this site to request an appointment, provide all of the requested information, and we will be in touch shortly to finalize a time. We look forward to seeing you.